The area named the Coastal Andhra covers over 95 thousand square kilometres. This next to a lakh kilometres area is in the Coromandel coast region, which includes the districts between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. Also known to the major rivers of Andhra Pradesh state and its neighbours, the Krishna and Godavari rivers. It is in the basin of Krishna-Godavari, the new energy source has been discovered.
Bengaluru based researchers have found “Methane Hydrates” which is stated to be a potential fuel for the future. It is found to be just two metres below the sea floor in the said Krishna-Godavari (K-G) Basin. The coasts of Andhra Pradesh in the Bay of Bengal were the ones in the discovery here.
A team of researchers and scientists from the National Institute of Oceanography in Goa, and also the National Geophysical Research Institute in Hyderabad were together in this find. Their reports discovery proofs have been published in the Journal of Earth System Science, in turn, published under the authority of Indian Academy of Sciences.
The report in its findings and its abrupts said, ” This is the first report on the discovery of an active methane seepage site and the occurrence of shallow methane hydrates deposits in India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)”. The ‘Methane Hydrate’ deposits thus formed were due to the low temperatures and high pressures in the area.
The deposits undergoing the structural changes due to the pressures and temperatures form into crystal structures with large amounts of Methane gas trapped in them. This trapped source is the said new and untapped energy source of fossil fuel ‘Methane’, the main component of Natural Gas.
Interests in the genesis of Methane and its hydrates are widespread all over the world. The rising research on this regard is a new avenue to tap the hidden fuel source. The Indian existence of Methane Hydrates has special situations which were now uncovered due to global importance or exploration.
” The occurrence of Methane Gas hydrates at very shallow depths in the K-G Basin is due to the presence of high methane flux and conducive pressure and temperature conditions, necessary for the stability of methane hydrate. High biogenic methane flux close to the sediment-water interface has resulted in the crystallization of methane hydrate at shallow depths below the seafloor”.
” With estimated trillions of cubic metres of methane gas available in the gas hydrate deposits in the Indian waters, gas hydrates can be the future source of Energy in India“, The Ministry of Earth Sciences.